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TEACHING STRATEGY (teaching, learning, assessment, planning, and reflection strategies)

Girl Raising Hand


Educators can acknowledge what children are doing, saying, or interacting which includes children’s interest, skills, interaction, and participation in play (MacNaughton & Williams, 2009). Educators can acknowledge children through observation, interaction, and asking questions (MacNaughton & Williams, 2009).


Active listening is one of the important teaching strategies where educators are being responsive to children’s ideas, and inquiries. Listening is not only hearing about children’s needs, listening strategies encourage educators to include children’s ideas and voices in decision-making and provide feedback and support to extend their learning (MacNaughton & Williams, 2009).

Teenage Schoolboy


Questioning is another important tool for educators to know more information about children’s interests, understanding, and knowledge (Hargraces, 2022). Open-ended questions encourage children to express their ideas and knowledge about the content (Hargraces, 2022).


Encouragement simply refers to providing positive feedback, reassurance, and support for children’s ideas and learning (MacNaughton & Williams, 2009). It will help children to feel confident in their work which extends children’s confidence, and willingness to play and explore (MacNaughton & Williams, 2009). 

Schoolboy in Uniform
Child Model


Being responsive to children refers to actively paying attention to children’s needs and always being available to assist children (Arthur et al., 2018). Which includes providing open-ended learning resources, listening to children’s voices, and ideas, and providing support (Arthur et al., 2018). 


Co-construction simply refers to educators working together with children to gain knowledge and understanding about their surroundings (Hargraves, 2022). Which includes children’s participation in sustained shared thinking, interaction, and discussion to learn about concepts, (MacNaughton & Williams, 2009). Co-construction helps children to problem solve (Hargraves, 2022).

Schoolgirl with Books
Doing Homework


The scaffolding strategy guides educators to support children’s understanding of concepts by providing guidance and support (Hargraves, 2022). It helps children to become competent learners in their learning. With scaffolding, educators can use the combination of various teaching methods for example listening, encouragement, asking questions, and role modeling to help children to accomplish their goals (Hargraves, 2022).


To begin the project, educators and children can discuss and choose the topic of the project based on children’s interests. Likewise, educators can begin the discussion by encouraging children to share what are their interests, ideas, or knowledge about the selected topic. Similarly, educators can design a planning web with the help of children (Follari, 2019). Together, children and educators will design an interesting project that fosters children’s motivation and engagement to learn and explore (EGDE, 2022). Likewise, children’s suggestion or feedback will be included during the whole project process to make learning visible (Follari, 2019).



Children will begin the project by exploring various theses, and ideas, and understanding the selected topic. The early childhood teacher will support their understanding by asking various questions. For example, what is their knowledge? How do they know? What is it? It is believed that asking questions prior to the project helps children to understand what they will do, what they know already, and what needs to be done (Harris Helm & Katz, 2016) (Follari, 2019). More importantly, asking questions extend children’s higher thinking skills which help children to do a deeper investigation (AGDE, 2020). Later, the planning web can be designed with the help of children which includes children’s learning outcomes, planning experiences, resources, and procedures (Follari, 2019).

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