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Ready for School


A project approach is a thorough investigation of a subject that may be launched by a child or teacher and involve a single person, a small group of children, or the entire class (Department of Education, 2023). Depending on the degree of the children's interests, a project might be short-term or long-term (Department of Education, 2023). The project approach differs from an inquiry method in that the project approach includes a focus on producing a certain result, which may be a display, written report, or presentation (Department of Education, 2023). Children have the chance to demonstrate their own learning via the creation of individually meaningful objects while using the project-based learning approach (Department of Education, 2023). The Project Approach holds the beliefs of Piaget’s theory of constructivism which highlights the concept that children construct their own meaning and understanding from their experience (Arthur et al., 2018). Through a project-based approach, educators can support children’s cognitive development by providing project-based and research-based learning experiences where children can engage in higher-level thinking experiences and contextualize learning experiences by assimilating skills and accommodating different expectations with outcomes (Berk, 2013). Moreover, the Early Years Learning Framework Australian Government Department of Education [AGDE] (2022) also emphasizes that children are competent learners, children transfer and adapt their learning from one context to another (AGDE, 2022). Project-based learning (PBL) is also linked to a child-centred approach, which encourages early childhood educators to focus on children’s interests, be responsive, encourage children’s participation, and motivate them to learn (Eliason & Jenkins, 2016). It also encourages educators to include children’s opinions and decision-making (Eliason & Jenkins, 2016). 

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